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口吃是怎么造成的

2019-07-21 点击:938

Stuttering is a symptom of airflow blockage during speech, which is unspeakable or unspoken. It is a language disorder. Stuttering is one of the diseases in the medical world that still has no clear cause. Although this disease is not fatal, it makes the patient very painful and causes psychological damage.

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Because of the repetition and interruption of speech, stuttering patients often have expressions such as tongue-splitting, clearing, eyebrows, and shaking their heads when speaking. These behaviors are caused by the patient's nervousness in order to ease the speech. Some stuttering patients are ridiculed by others because they talk and stutter when they communicate with others, so that stuttering patients continue to strengthen their psychological defenses, and there will be negative escape countermeasures, so that they like to be independent and form a lonely character.

The main cause of stuttering

1. Family genetic factors

The study found that about half of the stuttering patients had the same phenomenon, that is, at least one of their family members stuttered. Research suggests that it may be the inheritance of oral muscle or language nerve center problems.

2. Imitation factors

In the early childhood language learning period, young children will imitate what they see and hear because of curiosity or fun. If at this stage, the child is exposed to a stuttering patient, it will imitate the way in which it speaks, and over time it will cause the child's own stuttering habits.

xx这里需要注意的是两岁到三岁的孩子。这个阶段的孩子正在爆发语言学习。孩子表达了强烈的愿望,但往往存在不连贯或重复的现象。例如,孩子说:妈妈,我想去那个,那个和那个大海滩。“这时,有些父母会非常紧张,觉得孩子口吃了。事实上,孩子们这个时期词汇积累不丰富,现阶段也不能流利地表达,这会显示语言障碍。随着年龄和词汇的增加,这种现象会逐渐消失。

3.心理因素

在儿童的语言发展过程中,外部环境因素或父母的某些行为可能会导致儿童精神紧张,从而导致口吃。外部环境因素包括家庭关系的不和谐,生活环境的突然变化等。父母的行为包括暴力,虐待或过度严重,这可能导致孩子害怕,害怕,焦虑,不安全等,导致孩子无言以对。反复口吃。

4.生理原因

根据专家对口吃患者的研究,发现口吃患者说话时颅神经有异常。通常,当表达人类语言时左脑区域是活动的,而当口吃患者说话时右脑区域异常活跃,并且左脑区域不活跃。这一发现表明口吃患者存在一些生理缺陷或异常。

口吃治疗方法

目前,更有效的口吃治疗方法是语言训练+心理治疗。语言训练是对患者的呼吸呼气,发音,语速,句子休息,朗读进行培训。心理治疗是与精神科医生交谈,以减轻患者的恐惧和心理压力,重新建立自信心。与此同时,社会环境应该接受口吃患者。如果你在生活中发现身边的病人,请不要嘲笑他们并模仿他们。与他们沟通时,请耐心倾听,并尝试给他们一个轻松的环境。

本作品是“科学中国 - 科学原理”的原创,转载时请注明出处。

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