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药学知识备考:吃药最佳时间

2019-07-25 点击:698

适当的药物施用时间确保了药物的有效性和安全性,并且是实际工作中熟悉的部分。该药物根据药理,剂型和时间特征规定给药时间。吉林健康人才网的以下老师介绍了服用该药的合适时间:

1.早上吃药

1根据生物钟的规律:肾上腺皮质激素如糖皮质激素是早晨8点分泌的高峰;血压峰值出现在高血压的早晨和下午;抑郁症患者是在早上很晚。因此,服用或治疗上述药物和疾病时服用早晨用药;

2减少副作用:利尿剂避免夜尿,白天氨基糖苷类弱,都需要在早晨服用;

2,饭前服用

1胃粘膜保护药物氢氧化铝等,以使药物完全粘附在胃壁上,需要在饭前服用;

2胃动力药甲氧氯普胺,多潘立酮促进胃动力需要在饭前服用;

3收敛性药物柠檬酸盐蛋白需要粘附在小肠上,所以需要在饭前服用;

4阿仑膦酸钠等,以避免食用前刺激食道和胃;

5降糖药格列本脲,格列齐特,格列吡嗪餐前可使血药高峰期提前改善血压;

6头孢拉定,头孢克洛,氨苄青霉素,阿莫西林喂养会影响药物的吸收,需要在饭前服用。

3,吃适当的饭菜

1降糖药二甲双胍,阿卡波糖,格列美脲避免刺激胃肠道需要使用;

2消化胰蛋白酶,淀粉酶帮助消化,需要进餐;

3吡罗昔康,美洛昔康降低胃粘膜出血的风险应在用餐时使用。

4,吃完后,使用

1餐后服用阿司匹林,苯氧乙酸,对乙酰氨基酚,吲哚美辛,以减少对胃肠道的刺激;

2 Vitamins B1 and B2 are used after meals to slowly enter the small intestine for absorption.

5, should take before going to bed

1 According to the law of the biological clock, the asthma drugs salbutamol, hydroxypropyl theophylline, statins, hypnotics, laxatives, cimetidine, calcium channel blockers should be taken before bedtime;

2 anti-allergic drug diphenhydramine, chlorpheniramine, terfenadine taken safely and can help sleep before going to bed;

3 calcium carbonate and other calcium agents before bedtime to reduce the impact of food;

4α receptor blockers can reduce the effect of postural hypotension at bedtime;

[Multiple choice questions]

1. It is appropriate to take it before going to bed ( )

A. Aspirin

B. Cefaclor

C. Atorvastatin

D. Piroxicam

E. Amlodipine

[Reference answer] C. Analysis: statins are hypolipidemic drugs, because cholesterol is synthesized at night to reach a peak, good to take before bed.

2. What is taken in the food is ( )

A. Glimepiride

B. Glyburide

C. Gliczit

D. Glipizide

E. Gliclaquinone

[Reference answer] A. Zhonggong analysis: The options are hypoglycemic agents, in which glimepiride, metformin, and acarbose are taken in a meal.

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